de Soto route. He traveled to Spanish Florida in the fleet of General Sancho de Archiniega in 1566 as the captain of one of the six military companies sent to reinforce the colony founded by … Juan Pardo departed the area in December 1566 and returned March 7, 1567. Pardo set out on his second expedition from Santa Elena on September 1, 1567, and followed basically the same route, although this journey took him into eastern Tennessee. Included in the book are the official accounts in Spanish of Pardo's expeditions plus English translations. These men helped the people of Joara attack communities in the mountains. Spanish soldier, explorer. This book concerns the nearly-forgotten expeditions of Juan Pardo through the Carolinas and across the Appalachians to Tennessee in 1566,67,and 68. Juan Pardo was a Spanish explorer who was active in the later half of the sixteenth century. Sketch by the author showing the general relationship between the Soto and Pardo routes. Fort San Juan was a late 16th-century fort built by the Spanish under the command of conquistador Juan Pardo in the native village of Joara, in what is now Burke County, North Carolina. The Florida Historical Quarterly 62:125-158, 1983 The Florida Historical Quarterly 62:125-158, 1983 Paul Hoffman: A New Andalucia and a Way to the Orient: The American Southeast During the Sixteenth Century He visited several of the towns that Hernando De Soto had passed through more than twenty-five years before. Thus, Pardo established the first European settlement in North Carolina. During Juan Pardo’s first expedition (1566-67), the Spanish constructed Fort San Juan near present-day Morganton, North Carolina.. Juan Pardo, the Indians of Guatari, and first contact: The Guatari Indians lived in an influential settlement near Trading Ford and were led by a female chief. In December, 1566, Captain Juan Pardo left the Spanish capital of St. Elena and traveled into North Carolina in search of an overland route to Mexico. 103 Figure 5. Juan Pardo’s route. Juan Pardo was born in Cuenca, Spain, in the first half of the sixteenth century. The Spanish presence in North Carolina lasted only eighteen months. Here, Pardo built his first fort, Fort San Juan, named after himself and because the Spanish arrived there on the Day of San Juan. Looking for a route to Mexico, the Spaniards traveled a circuitous yet northwestern route from Santa Elena (near Tybee Island, Georgia) into northeastern South Carolina and Piedmont North Carolina. The following is taken from "The Juan Pardo Expeditions" by Charles Hudson. The new afterword reveals recent archaeological evidence of Pardo’s Fort San Juan--the earliest site of sustained interaction between Europeans and Indians--demonstrating the accuracy of Hudson’s route … This figure combines He led a Spanish expedition from the Atlantic coast through what is now North and South Carolina and into eastern Tennessee on the orders of Pedro Menéndez de Avilés, in an attempt to find an inland route to a silver-producing town in Mexico. The spot, which is also referred to as The Berry Site (in recognition of the Berry family, who owns the land), was initially an Indigenous settlement and became the base of operations for Captain Juan Pardo, a Spanish explorer, in 1567 (see his travel route here). Jim Glanville. In 1567, they encountered Spanish explorers led by Captain Juan Pardo who came through the North Carolina Piedmont with grand hopes of creating a powerful empire. His book about De Soto's route is definitive. (He renamed the Indian town, Cuenca, after his hometown in Spain.) Map taken from Figure 2 of the 2010 National Science Foundation Berry Site report and highlighted by the author. The map shows the route of their expedition against the neighboring Indians in the spring of 1567. DePratter, Hudson, and Smith: Juan Pardo's Explorations in the Interior Southeast,1566-1568.
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