For more detailed information: Need Theory, © Copyright 2020 Alice Petiprin, Nursing-Theory.org. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the key points of Virginia Henderson’s theory “Concepts of Nursing” (CON) and its application in practice using specific examples. EVALUATION OF A NURSING THEORY 3 on the importance of independence. The Nursing Need Theory was developed by Virginia Henderson to define the unique focus of nursing practice. Concepts The concept of a theory is what it represents (Chinn & Kramer, 2011). 2 3. Nursing theories are abundant in the literature and in nursing curricula, but none have been applied to the donation process. Methodology: This document illustrates a case study integrating Virginia Henderson’s need theory and nursing theory process. Theoretical Nursing: Development and Progress, Nursing Theories: The Base for Professional Nursing Practice, Nursing Theorists and Their Work Eighth Edition, Fundamental Skills and Concepts in Patient Care, Integrated Knowledge Development in Nursing, Theory and Nursing: Integrated Knowledge Development, International journal of environmental research and public health, By clicking accept or continuing to use the site, you agree to the terms outlined in our. After 1953, Henderson served as a research associate at the Yale University School of Nursing. Henderson died on March 19, 1996. In the majority of cases, health care professionals will not be at the patient's home to help them with their daily living, so the more autonomous the better. Some features of the site may not work correctly. Henderson’s goal was not to develop a theory of nursing, but rather to define the unique focus of nursing practice. All of these roles are to help the patient become as independent as possible. The need theory developed by Henderson was based on her nursing practice and education (Wills, 2014). Henderson is well known for her definition of nursing, which says, “The unique function of the nurse is to assist the individual, sick or well, in the performance of those activities contributing to health or its recovery (or to peaceful death) that he would perform unaided if he had the necessary strength, will or knowledge.”. 2011). Work in such a way that there is a sense of accomplishment. Written works by Virginia Henderson include: Henderson’s Need Theory emphasizes the importance of patient independence so that the patient will continue to progress after being released from the hospital. Semantic Scholar is a free, AI-powered research tool for scientific literature, based at the Allen Institute for AI. One nurse's personal concept of the essential function of nursing, and of the implications of this concept for nursing practice, research, and education. I also identify with Virginia’s beliefs on nursing as a discipline with a distinct body of knowledge and her emphasis on nursing education and nursing research. Need Theory of Nursing – Virginia Henderson Philosophy of Nursing refilwe May 16, 2018 Health 0 Comments 6594 views Henderson’s theory stresses the priority of patient self-determination so the patient will continue doing well after being released from the hospital. Citation: Burggraf, V., (January 31, 2012) "Overview and Summary: The New Millennium: Evolving and Emerging Nursing Roles" OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing Vol. The Nursing Need Theory was developed by Virginia Henderson and was derived from her practice and education. Virginia Henderson’s Need Theory addresses this issue and helps nurses help patients so that they can care for themselves when they leave the healthcare facility. The unique function of the nurse is to assist the individual, sick or well, in performance of those activities contributing to health or its recovery (or peaceful death) that he/she would perform unaided if he/she had the necessary strength, will or knowledge. She was also an honorary fellow of the United Kingdom’s Royal College of Nursing. Named for the State her mother longed for, she returned there at age four and began her schooling at Bellevue, a preparatory school owned by "Grandfather", William Richardson Abbot. The theory focuses on the importance of increasing the patient’s independence to hasten their progress in the hospital. But addressing the needs of patient is crucial in providing quality care, across the globe. 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There is hardly any local literature regarding theory application into practice in our setting. Methodology: This document illustrates a case study integrating Virginia Henderson’s need theory and nursing theory process. One nursing theory that could be utilized by an organi-zation seeking Magnet status is Virginia Henderson’s theory, often called the “Definition of Nursing.” Henderson’s theory provides a concrete definition of nursing care and delineates specific areas in which nursing care is needed (Pokorny, 2010). Breathe normally. Virginia Henderson was born in Kansas City, Missouri, the daughter of Daniel Brosius Henderson and Lucy Minor Abbot. The primary nursing care, in the view of Virginia Henderson, has the proposal to help the patient in maintaining or creating a healthy life strategy. 1 1 2. Henderson’s CON is a grand theory written in 1978. To that end, nurses should be caring for the patient while, at the same time, be helping the patient become more independent and reach goals and milestones on the road to health. In her grand theory of nursing, she deﬁned nursing as “assisting individuals to gain independence in the performance of activities contributing to health or its recovery (Henderson, 1966, p. 15). The fourteen components of Henderson’s concept are as follows: While a nurse’s job is to care for patients, it is also to help patients be able to care for themselves when they leave the healthcare facility. You are currently offline. Integrating Nursing Theory and Process into Practice; Virginia Henderson’s Need Theory Biography of Virginia Henderson. The nursing role emphasized by Virginia Henderson is assisting individuals who lack necessary strength, will and knowledge to satisfy one or more of fourteen basic needs.